Gum disease: causes, symptoms, and treatments

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gum disease treatment in Graham, NC

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 47.2% of adults aged 30 years and above are struggling with some form of gum disease. Despite the number of people dealing with this issue, it can lead to severe problems if not treated properly. In this post, we’ll provide helpful information about what gum disease is, its causes, and how to treat or prevent it.

What is gum disease?

The term “gum disease” is also referred to as periodontitis or periodontal disease. Gum disease is an infection or inflammation of the tissue supporting your teeth. In the early stage of the disease (known as gingivitis), the gums may bleed or become red and swollen.

In the advanced stages of the disease (periodontitis), the gums may recede to expose the teeth’s roots, and the teeth may loosen or even lead to bone loss. Although gum disease is more common in men and older adults, it affects both sexes and can affect people of all ages. Tooth decay and gum disease are the two biggest threats to our oral health.

What causes gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by bacteria and sugars (plaque) build-up around the teeth. When plaque stays on the teeth long enough and is not removed, it can harden to tartar and infect your gums. Tartar accumulation around the teeth can spread below your gum line and make your teeth harder to clean. Eventually, the tartar accumulation will lead to gum inflammation and irritation, causing gingivitis.

Other causes of gum disease include:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Poor dental hygiene habits
  • Smoking and the use of tobacco products
  • Medications that lessen saliva production
  • Family history of the disease


Untreated gum disease can lead to tooth loss, gum recession, and other severe conditions like heart disease, diabetes, and stroke
. Luckily, you can treat or stop the gum disease process with good oral hygiene and regular visits to your dentist.

How to know if you have gum disease

Many people are living with gum disease but have no idea they do. That’s because the disease is often painless and comes without a noticeable symptom until it progresses into the advanced stage known as periodontitis. However, the gum disease symptoms below could indicate that you have periodontal gum disease.

Symptoms of gum disease

  • Bad taste or bad breath (halitosis) that won’t go away
  • Bleeding or tender gums
  • Red and swollen gums or gums that bleed easily when brushing your teeth
  • Receding gums (gums pulling away from your teeth)
  • Pus between your gums and teeth
  • Loose teeth
  • Painful chewing
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Any change in your teeth fit when you bite
  • Change in your partial dentures fit

How to treat gum disease

You can control gingivitis with a regular professional cleaning and good oral hygiene. You can also treat the advanced form of the disease successfully, but you may require more extensive gum disease treatment. Treatment options may include corrective surgery, medications, and deep cleaning to remove plaque and tartar from the tooth root surfaces below the gum.

Keep in mind that the right treatment option for you depends on your overall health, stage of disease, and how you responded to earlier treatments.

How to cure gum disease without a dentist

Gingivitis is reversible and preventable by:

  • Brushing your teeth after each meal or at least twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste
  • Maximizing your mouth cleaning potential with an electric toothbrush
  • Flossing daily
  • Limiting sugar consumption
  • Visiting your dentist regularly to spot any issues early
  • Refraining from chewing or smoking tobacco


If you notice any of the warning signs of gum disease mentioned above, you should
visit your dentist for a proper diagnosis. If your periodontal disease is in its early stage, you may be able to cure it with some home remedies. However, you need to consult your dentist for additional recommendations before using these remedies to avoid damaging your teeth and gums.

After assessing your oral hygiene, you can try the following home remedies to reduce bacteria, ease pain, reduce inflammation, and allow your body to heal itself:

  • Rinse your mouth with salt and lukewarm water
  • Try lemongrass oil mouthwash
  • Wash your mouth with aloe vera juice
  • Brush your teeth with tea tree oil mouthwash
  • Try sage mouthwash
  • Rinse your mouth with guava leaf mouthwash
  • Oil pull your teeth with coconut oil or Arimedadi oil 


If you’re not responding to these treatments or your gum disease has passed its early stage,
you’ll need the interventions of a dental professional to address the issue and restore your smile. You’ll also need to follow up regularly with your dentist, adhere strictly to your dentist’s instructions, and change your oral hygiene habits for a positive outcome.

Gum disease treatment in Graham, NC

At Rose Family Dentistry, we know that early detection is essential in stopping the process of gum disease. That’s why we offer affordable and high-quality dental services like dental examinations and professional cleanings to spot and address issues even before they start. We also offer gum disease treatments in Graham, NC, and recommendations to prevent periodontal disease and preserve your smile.

Contact us or call our front desk at (336) 227-1187 today to learn more or schedule an appointment.

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