Most common dental problems and treatment

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Dental problems treatment in Graham, NC

Dental problems can significantly impact a person’s relationship, confidence level, health, and overall well-being. Yet, many people fail to take their dental and oral health seriously.

Most dental problems are preventable, and educating yourself about them and their causes can go a long way in preserving your oral health. In this post, we outline some common dental problems, their causes, prevention, and available treatment options.

Broken or cracked teeth

Broken, chipped, or cracked teeth are often caused by:

  • Chewing hard foods
  • Accidents and mouth injury
  • Playing sports without a mouthguard
  • Grinding or clenching of teeth while sleeping
  • Mouth piercings


Depending on the extent of the damage, a broken or cracked tooth can cause you much pain. Irrespective of how bad you think the damage is,
you should visit your dentist as soon as possible for examination and treatment.

Your treatment options include a crown, veneer, or bonding with a strong resin material. If your pulp is at risk, your dentist may recommend a root canal followed by a crown or veneer.

Tooth pain

Tooth pain may result from a bacterial infection, broken tooth, or food or a popcorn hull stuck in your gum. Other possible causes include:

  • Tooth decay
  • Damaged filling
  • Abscessed tooth
  • Repetitive motion like teeth clenching or chewing gum
  • Infected gums
  • Gum irritation
  • Erupting teeth


While you can treat minor toothaches at home,
severe tooth pain may signify a dental emergency and require a dental professional to figure out the problem and resolve the pain. If you’re experiencing tooth pain, swelling around your tooth, foul-tasting drainage from the tooth, headache or fever, and trouble swallowing or breathing, visit your dentist immediately.

Tooth sensitivity

When your teeth enamel is damaged or worn, your teeth may become sensitive to cold and hot drinks and foods, allowing substances to reach the nerve endings and cause intense pain. Tooth sensitivity (also referred to as dentin hypersensitivity) is caused by:

  • Enamel erosion
  • Tooth decay
  • Gum disease
  • Receding gums
  • A broken or cracked tooth
  • Worn-down fillings or crown
  • Root infection
  • A naturally thin enamel layer


Your dentist may recommend fluoride treatment, root canal, gum graft, crown, or special mouthwashes and toothpaste for sensitive teeth if you have a sensitive tooth.
The right treatment option depends on your case’s severity.

Tooth decay

Tooth decay (also known as dental cavities or dental caries) is the most prevalent oral health condition dentists see in patients. It occurs when bacteria feed on the food particles in your mouth and produce acids that erode and permanently damage your tooth’s outer layer (enamel). The breakdown in your tooth’s enamel can lead to holes (cavities) in your teeth and cause pain when you eat or drink sweet, hot, or cold things.

Other symptoms to watch out for may include:

  • Unpleasant taste in your mouth
  • Brown or black spots on your teeth
  • Bad breath


Your dentist will assess the extent of the damage and recommend treatment, including a root canal, crowns, dental fillings, or tooth extraction followed by dentures or dental implants.
Luckily, you can prevent tooth decay by brushing and flossing your teeth regularly and visiting your dentist at least twice a year for professional teeth cleaning.

Gum disease

Gum (periodontal) disease is a gum infection caused by plaque buildup around the teeth. It starts with gingivitis, the mild and early stage of periodontal disease with symptoms like bleeding, red or swollen gums, teeth sensitivity, and bad breath. Gingivitis can be painless, so you may not notice any issue with your teeth until it worsens.

Gingivitis is treatable and preventable with regular brushing and flossing and visiting your dental professional for examination, cleaning, and plaque removal. Untreated gingivitis can lead to a severe form of periodontal disease called periodontitis. At this stage, the gum pocket may become infected, leading to the following:

  • Damage to the bone and tissue holding the teeth in place
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Unpleasant taste in the mouth
  • A change in bite
  • Bone loss or loose permanent teeth
  • Shrinking or receding gums


Dental care treatments for periodontal disease include treating the infection with topical antibiotics and other options like scaling, root planing, laser, or surgical treatments.

Receding gums

Receding gums is a condition that exposes the delicate tooth’s root, making it susceptible to damage. This condition can result from and lead to other dental problems like tooth loss and gum infection. Some factors that contribute to receding gums include:

  • Smoking
  • Heredity
  • Hormonal fluctuations in women
  • High blood pressure
  • Brushing your teeth too hard
  • Poor oral hygiene


Receding gum treatments include proper brushing techniques, dental cleaning, gum graft, and other forms of surgery.

Bad breath

Halitosis or bad breath is a common and distressing dental problem that can be caused by different factors, including:

  • Cancer
  • Acid reflux
  • Infection
  • Medication
  • Dry mouth
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Spices such as onion and garlic


Since different factors cause bad breath, your dentist will examine your condition and recommend the best treatment for your situation.

Enamel erosion

This condition develops slowly, leaving your teeth rounded-looking, discolored, sensitive, weak, and susceptible to cupping, chips, and cracks. Its primary cause includes brushing your teeth too long, too often, too hard, and consuming acidic and sugary foods.

Treatments for enamel erosion include using softer bristles, cutting back on acidic and sugary foods, and veneers or crowns to improve the function and appearance of the teeth.

Root infection

This occurs when the tooth root becomes swollen or infected with bacteria due to dental issues like fractures, cracks, or cavities. The infection can lead to pain, tooth sensitivity, damage to the tooth’s nerves and tissues, and eventually tooth abscess development. Your dentist may prescribe pain relievers and a root canal to save your tooth and remove the infection.

Appearance issues

Many people seek cosmetic dentistry solutions to improve their teeth’s appearance and achieve a beautiful smile. 

If you have lower self-esteem due to stained teeth, crooked teeth, missing teeth, or hyperdontia (extra teeth), there are several treatment options available for you. Your dentist may recommend treatments like veneers, teeth whitening, crowns, bridges, orthodontics (e.g., retainers, braces, or Invisalign), dental implants, and other cosmetic dental procedures to improve your smile.

Get your dental problems treated at Rose Family Dentistry

Dental problems can affect your confidence level, relationships, overall health, and quality of life. Whenever you notice the signs of any dental problem, contact Rose Family Dentistry as soon as possible. We offer several dental treatments in Graham, NC, for rare and common dental problems and our dental professionals are always happy to help you stay on top of your dental health. Schedule an appointment with us today or call (336) 227-1187 to ask any questions about your dental concerns.

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